atom07:Backup references 11-10-2011

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different groups of references


A Possible Way of Form Finding

The basic logic of voronoi diagramming algotithm is as follow. We are given a set of points S in the plane, which are the Voronoi sites. Each site s has a Voronoi cell, V(s) consisting of all points closer to s than to any other site. The segments of the Voronoi diagram are all the points in the plane that are equidistant to the two nearest sites. The Voronoi nodes are the points equidistant to three (or more) sites.


There are several advantages by using this algorithm:

1. Creating a dynamic network consisting of non-uniformed, continuous, potentially evolutionary units rather than grid and the assembly of pre-defined components.

2.The outputs will take on the adaptablility to the changeable context and client data-sets

3.Articulating a variety of spaces, functions, scales and social behaviors

Reference 1:Vertical Village

This design is based on the application of Voronoi Algorithm in three dimensional.



Reference 2:G_Nome

This design applies Voronoi Algorithm in different scales


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different groups of references

Shape shifting

Multiple elements

Inteligent elements In the lecture above Skylar Tibbits talks about homogeen elements which are able to addept in shape size and possible are able to change function in this way.

Changing shape due to current

ShapeShift is an experiment in future possibilities of architectural materialization. This project explores the potential application of electro-active polymer (EAP) at an architectural scale. EAP offers a new relationship to built space through its unique combination of qualities. It is an ultra-lightweight, flexible material with the ability to change shape without the need for mechanical actuators. As a collaboration between the chair for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ETHZ) and the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), ShapeShift bridges gaps between advanced techniques in architectural design/fabrication and material science as well as pushing academic research towards real world applications.

Changing shape due to pneumatics/hydrolics

A project of the Hyperbody studio at faculty of architecture in 2004. Here they made a tower which is able to move controlled i different manners.

Single element

Hoberman sphere

This Hoberman sphere is able to change scale and still keep the same shape.


This pollar is a good example of a changeable element, when the poller is needed the element is up and when a car needs to cross (with approval) then the pollar will go down. The movement of the shape is purely functional.


Changeable shape don't need to consist very complex technical elements motors or connections, by making the right connections a lot of changes are already possible. Good examples of this are different origami creations.

Interactive architecture

Interactive architecture is hard to distinguise from art. Often the interactive part of building isn't the essence of a building but rather a addition to it. This is addition is nice and sometimes functional as well, however we feel that in a lot of cases this feature will loose it's wow factor. some examples

This facade detects objects in front it, by changing the translucense of the small element it reacts in real time on it'senvironment. This facade does a trick, after people experienced it they will quit quickly get bored with it, this is something we want to prevent. In future intervention the activity will be for functional reasons.

This facade detects objects in front it, by changing the translucense of the small element it reacts in real time on it'senvironment.

Adaptive to user


A beenbag, what is more simpeler and lowtecht example of a multi element (beans) object adepting in shape and size to accomodate the user. The same goes for faom matrasses, according to the weight putt on these matrasses the shape changes to addept to the human body.

This closet made by the german compagny "re-design" is a example of how a modular unit turn in to a interesting closet. By stacking the elements in different orders the closet is addepted to the desires of the user.


A convertible make's a nice outside space or a inside space when needed.

Changing function

here can be references which change shape to accompany different functions but also references which only change ambiance to hold different functions.


In our intervention we are providing a bases which can change. The changes will be influenced by the user and won't be determening the future of the intervention. A examples which do the same and we all know are LEGO and Play Dough. Here the fabricator provides elements or just material which the user is able to mold, connect, build and use to it's own preferences.

The phoneboot of 'Voor de Kunst' is the smallest museum of the Netherlands. Voor de kunst changes exposition regularly. These expositions are there 24/7 are free and don't require any guide.

De Telefooncel "Voor de Kunst", Oude Delft 140 te Delft


Christopher Alexander, Pattern Language

Tchumi vs. OMA

Urban Landscapes

Folding materials by robotic arms

Connecting the digital to the real world

Direct digital manufacturing

List of emerging technologies


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